While there are many claims that the two plants are completely different strains of cannabis, with different looks and different effects, most scientists and experts agree that they probably simply contain a different chemical composition. One decision a consumer can make is which cannabis strain (“a group of plants different from other plants of the strain to which it belongs in some intrinsic quality”) of cannabis to buy. In a dispensary, the distinction between indica and sativa can tell you what the desired and likely effects of the product will be, but this does not necessarily depend on the plant itself. Individual plants produce different effects, even between the same type of cannabis.
It all depends on the chemical composition of the plant and the planting technique used. Each part of the plant is harvested in a different way, depending on the purpose of its use. The reason why it can appear and function differently from one strain to another in the body is because the environment in which the plant grows can change its flavor and exposure, while retaining its genetic basis. As research unfolds and we learn more about the cannabis plant, it turns out that the compounds in each strain—the cannabinoids and terpenes it contains—determine the effects you will feel, not Indica or alfalfa. …
In fact, these effects have nothing to do with the physical structure of today’s cannabis plants. The terms alfalfa and indica are much more useful to growers than to consumers. But the effects we usually associate with alfalfa are not always caused by alfalfa, and indica does not always produce effects similar to indica. In the cannabis community, the cannabis plant usually has a stimulating effect that induces mental arousal, while indica is considered to be soothing and usually causes severe physical poisoning.
Most people have heard of alfalfa and indica varieties and know that they have different effects on the high concentrations they produce. There are thousands of indica and alfalfa varieties to choose from, and patients may feel confused or even tired when they find out which variety is right for them. Alfalfa and indica are the two main types of cannabis, with thousands of subspecies or varieties.
THC and CBD are both cannabinoids, two of over 100 known cannabis chemical compounds. Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are two of the main natural compounds found in cannabis. Flowers and fruits (and to a lesser extent leaves, stems and seeds) contain psychoactive chemicals known as cannabinoids that are used for recreational, medicinal, and spiritual purposes.
Each strain has its own spectrum of effects on the body and mind, resulting in a wide range of medicinal properties. Sativa strains are generally considered to be more invigorating and invigorating, while indicas are more relaxing and calming. This means sativa and indica are better suited to treat a variety of health conditions and also cause different side effects.
Sativa-dominated strains usually produce an invigorating high that can help with a variety of problems. Sativa-dominated strains are usually preferred for daytime consumption or if you want to feel upbeat, energetic, clear and focused.
Alfalfa strains also generally have a higher THC/CBD ratio than indica; of course, there are exceptions to this rule. This high THC content means that they cause intense brain heights and also produce psychedelic effects at high doses. Strangely, indica rice plants tend to have lower THC concentrations than alfalfa, although they can cause a more intense “dizziness” sensation.
The sativa preferred by the wakefulness and baking lovers, the THC-rich sativa gives you more intoxicating effect than heavy. While not all marijuana sativas will energize you, most consumers notice the sativa’s tendency to induce a “mental high” that is stimulating and uplifting. Sativa is known for its “head held high”, an invigorating and energizing effect that can help reduce anxiety or stress and increase creativity and focus.
Indica is usually associated with effects on the whole body, such as enhancing deep relaxation and reducing insomnia. While research examining these effects is limited, it appears that these plants have more in common than previously thought. Besides their simple appearance, these plants are said to have different effects.
They are most commonly found in marijuana advertised as indica, but as more crosses result in hybrids, they can also be found in some sativa strains. Sativa plants are more familiar to warmer climates with longer summers and take longer to flower fully than indica plants. Cannabis sativa plants are tall with thin narrow leaves, while Indica plants are short with wider leaves. In fact, sativa-dominated varieties have taller and lighter green leaves than their Indica counterparts, which are usually shorter and have thicker stems.
The Indian plant has wider and dark green leaves, while the sativa plant has narrower leaves. Thinner leaves, taller plants and longer flowering cycles characterize the sativa cannabis strain.
Today, “sativa” refers to tall, narrow-leaved cannabis varieties that are believed to have aphrodisiac effects. Sativa strains are native to the warm tropical regions surrounding the equator, such as Mexico, Thailand, and Africa. Indica plants generally grow, mature and require less light than sativa plants and produce more buds. Cannabis sativa grows in warmer climates closer to the equator in regions such as East Asia, while Cannabis indica is more native to colder climates.
So instead of thinking about a sativa, indica, or hybrid when it comes to a strain’s impact, start thinking about the THC-CBD spectrum. With this in mind, we find that cannabis is not the result of a choice of either indica or sativa; rather, it is a range of effects and flavors that depend on more of these two main classifications. In general, these terms refer to the two main classifications of the cannabis plant, which have their own characteristics and effects. However, these are not fixed classifications, but general guidelines that communicate what patients can expect when using a cannabis strain, including medicinal effects, kidney structure, odor, taste, etc.
Modern medical cannabis growers deliberately breed and cultivate a wide variety of strains in the indica and sativa categories in order to make the right medicine available for a particular unique combination of patients’ illnesses, preferences and lifestyles. The important thing is not that everyone is different – some indica strains can have different effects from person to person. There are a myriad of indica-dominated strains out there, and the only way to know how they affect you is to try them yourself.
One of the best starting points for knowing which cannabis strain is right for you is to understand the difference between the two main cannabis strains: Indica cannabis and cannabis sativa. Strains and effects The table below describes some common cannabis strains, including the THC content they contain. Most countries recognize only one species, Cannabis sativa, and there is a lot of debate about whether this represents a subspecies. Due to the long history of hybridization with cannabis varieties, many of which were carried out in secret in history to avoid the authorities, so varieties with pure indica or pure alfalfa lines are rare.